comes to saving one’s life when the said person is in danger? We don’t know what
to do when there is a health emergency situation, other than rush out to seek
medical attention from a hospital, no matter how far away the hospital is to the
We lack knowledge of basic First Aid treatments we can administer to a victim of
fire accident or an auto crash, or a heart attack, etc.
What is basic first aid treatment?
ABC in first aid traditionally stands for airway, breathing, and circulation.
When someone is unconscious or unresponsive, you should check and clear their
airway and provide rescue breathing and chest compressions. ABC can also stand
for awake, breathing, and continue care.
Basic first aid procedures can help you get someone through a medical crisis, at
least until the paramedics arrive or you can get them to a hospital. The best way to
prepare for these events is to get official first aid training. Until you’re able to do
that, though, you can learn some basic first aid procedures. That way, you can
respond the right way when someone needs you to.
First aid is the care a sick or injured person gets before they get full medical
treatment. In some cases, it may be the only care someone needs, while in others, it
may keep them safe until paramedics arrive or someone else gets them to the
First aid can include everything from bandaging a minor wound to preventing
shock to keeping someone’s heart beating during a cardiac event. Ideally, it should
be performed by someone who’s taken a class and is certified in first aid, but if no
one is available, anyone with some basic knowledge can pitch in.
When someone is unconscious or unresponsive, a basic tenet of first aid is ABC:
Airway: If someone’s not breathing, clear their airway.
Breathing: If the airway is clear and they’re still not breathing, provide
unresponsive, check their pulse to see if their heart has stopped and, if so,
provide chest compressions.
An alternate and simpler version of the ABCs is:
Awake? If not, try to wake them. If they don’t wake up, make sure someone
is calling 112 (Nigerias emergency number) toand move on to B.
Breathing? If not, start rescue breathing and chest compressions. If so,
move on to C.
What is CPR? CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is an emergency
lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating. Immediate CPR can
double or triple chances of survival after cardiac arrest.
Why Is CPR Important?
Keeping the blood flow active – even partially – extends the opportunity for a
successful resuscitation once trained medical staff arrive on site
1. For healthcare providers and those trained: conventional CPR using chest
compressions and mouth-to-mouth breathing at a ratio of 30:2 compressions-
to-breaths. In adult victims of cardiac arrest, it is reasonable for rescuers to
perform chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120/min and to a depth of at
least 2 inches (5 cm) for an average adult, while avoiding excessive chest
compression depths (greater than 2.4 inches [6 cm]).
2. For the general public or bystanders who witness an adult suddenly collapse:
compression-only CPR, or Hands-Only CPR. Hands-Only CPR is CPR
without mouth-to-mouth breaths. It is recommended for use by people who see
a teen or adult suddenly collapse in an out-of-hospital setting (such as at home,
at work, or in a park).
So, the next time you see someone who has just collapsed, please remember to
perform the simple ABC procedure:
1. Make sure the victim has access to Airway (Don’t obstruct the passage of
oxygen that will reach the victim)
2. Make sure that the victim is breathing (Physically check to see if the victim
3. Make sure that the victim’s circulation is working (Check their pulse)
If the victim is not breathing, you lay them on their back and begin the CPR:
mouth to mouth resuscitation. You blow air into the mouth and compress the
hollow between the two breasts with the heel of your palm or about 18 to 20 times,
then blow another long draught of air into the mouth of the victim, until the victim
starts to breathe again. By doing this you can save someone’s life.
Unfortunately most people in Nigeria who experience a heart attack die because
when help comes, instead of carrying out a CPR on the victim, we waste precious
minutes or hours looking for a means of rushing the victim to hospital.